Mary Ann Evans (22 November 1819 - 22 December 1880; alternatively "Mary Anne" or "Marian"), known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, poet, journalist, translator and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era. She is the author of seven novels, including Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Felix Holt, the Radical (1866), Middlemarch (1871-72), and Daniel Deronda (1876), most of them set in provincial England and known for their realism and psychological insight.
She used a male pen name, she said, to ensure her works would be taken seriously. Female authors were published under their own names during Eliot's life, but she wanted to escape the stereotype of women only writing lighthearted romances. She also wished to have her fiction judged separately from her already extensive and widely known work as an editor and critic. An additional factor in her use of a pen name may have been a desire to shield her private life from public scrutiny and to prevent scandals attending her relationship with the married George Henry Lewes, with whom she lived for over 20 years.
Her 1872 work Middlemarch has been described by Martin Amis and Julian Barnes as the greatest novel in the English language.
Bio from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Photo by Swiss artist Alexandre-Louis-François d'Albert-Durade (1804-86) [Public Domain], via English Wikipedia.
Middlemarch: Filibooks Classics (Illustrated)
Virginia Woolf described Middlemarch as a "magnificent book that, with all its imperfections, is one of the few English novels written for grown-up people."
In the twenty-first century, the novel continues to be held in high regard, and is often described as one of the greatest novels in the English language.
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Silas Marner (Standard Classics)
A man becomes a recluse when he's accused of a crime he did not commit
Silas Marner is a skilled weaver working long hours in London for a Calvinist sect that does not appreciate him. When the congregation's funds are stolen, Silas is framed for the theft and excommunicated. Presumed guilty, abandoned by the love of his life, evicted from his modest home, and humiliated by the men he called his brothers, Silas wanders north to a small village in England's bucolic countryside. Forsaking contact with humanity, he throws himself into his work, caring for little other than the constant movement of his hands and the stack of money he is slowly amassing. But fate sees it fit that Silas should lose his newfound wealth and gain the companionship of a young orphan, an experience that proves more valuable than any currency.
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Daniel Deronda (Illustrated + Audio)
"No evil dooms us hopelessly except the evil we love, and desire to continue in, and make no effort to escape from."
George Eliot's last novel represents the author's summing up, the book in which she hoped to bring together all the values, ideals, and beliefs that had informed her earlier work.Daniel Deronda has been called the first international novel. Eliot takes the reader to London, Paris, Prague, Vienna, Rome, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Mainz, Genoa, Trieste, Beirut, Sardinia, Corsica, Ajaccio, Palestine, and New York-a globe-hopping journey that in itself makesDeronda unique among Eliot's novels.
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